In this brief article, I would like to share the 5 most common mistakes I see in the IELTS essays I correct for students online:
Common mistake 1 – Misunderstanding the instruction portion of the essay question
All IELTS essay questions include a sentence that tells the student precisely what they are expected to do in their written response. Typically, this sentence will include words like discuss, analyze, argue, support or refute and the student is expected to respond accordingly.
Let’s look at an example IELTS essay question to illustrate. I will highlight the instruction sentence in blue:
The Internet is replacing many traditional forms of communication. This brings with it more negative than positive ramifications for humanity. Discuss this and state your opinion.
Here, you can see the instruction sentence is directly telling the student how they are expected to formulate a response. The problem many students run into is that they misinterpret what this instruction sentence is really asking them, and this in turn causes the overall relevance of their essay response to suffer.
If you have found this is a problem for you, let’s go over a few sample instruction sentences and state clearly what they are asking:
Discuss both sides of this argument. (Phrases like this ask students to analyze the opinions of others. Thus, students would be best to follow a discussion essay format and analyze the merits, or lack thereof, of the topic or position presented in their essay question.)
What is your opinion on the subject? (Here, the essay question is asking you to respond directly with your opinion. The most effective way to do this is by responding in an argument essay format.)
What is your opinion on the subject? Analyze both sides in your essay. (Now we are being faced with 2 instruction sentences. Here, we would respond in a discussion essay format, sharing our personal opinion at the end.)
Do you agree or disagree? Share personal examples to support your response. (This question instructs the student to include examples from their life while arguing one side of a particular position. Thus, responding in an argument styled essay would be best.)
(If you are unfamiliar with how to properly write an argument or discussion essay, please refer to the videos available here.)
Common mistake 2 – Writing a thesis that does not respond directly to the essay question
In the event you are given an IELTS question that requires a response written in an argument essay style, it is imperative you compose a clear and relevant thesis. Nothing ruins an argument essay faster than a problematic thesis.
Don’t be afraid to repeat words that appear in your essay question in your thesis. All too often, students try to paraphrase important keywords and phrases from their question in their thesis and this typically alters the original meaning to a certain degree. Repeating words from your question will help ensure your examiner sees a direct link between it and your essay.
Thus, an essay question that reads:
Do you agree or disagree that students should be required to study a language in high school?
…could be responded to with the thesis:
I agree that students should be required to study a language in high school.
Common mistake 3 – Using ambiguous examples in your IELTS essay
It is important to remember that when including an example in your IELTS essay, you want to use something that can show your argument in action. This is best done by referring to a real-life event, person, company or place. Thus, a student who writes:
For example, GDP growth in China has led to the improving of living standards throughout the country.
…is setting the stage for a much stronger argument than a student who writes:
For example, income growth among developing countries has the led to the improving of living standards in many areas.
As you can see, the second example’s broadness makes the example seem less tangible and thus lowers its overall quality.
Common mistake 4 – Writing with grammatical accuracy
The last mistake in our list is basic grammatical accuracy. The most common errors I see in the essays I correct are sentence fragments, run-on sentences, improper preposition usage, verb tense issues and mistakes in a student’s lexical selection. The best tip I can offer those students struggling with nagging grammar issues is to compose your essay entirely of short, concise sentences and to link these sentences with cohesive phrases. Having a writing coach can also be immensely helpful.