In today’s post, I want to address an area of the IELTS that I haven’t touched up in a while – Academic Task 1.
As you know, Academic Task 1 challenges your ability to describe visual data in written English. In the following videos, I explain a way to approach structuring your response should you be faced with a table, graph or diagram.
Table video tutorial:
The table illustrates how leisure time was spent in Ottawa among different age groups in the year 2009. The popularity of most activities appears to vary widely between ages.
At 42 monthly hours, Internet, computer and television use among teenagers was the highest for all age groups in 2009. This number was only 32 for those aged 20 to 39 and 27 for those 40 to 49 years of age. The lowest rate of engagement for this pastime was seen among those 50 to 59 years of age, at 25 monthly hours. A figure of 36 monthly hours was recorded for those 60 and older.
The popularity of exercise, however, moved in tandem with age, as figures of 15, 17, 22 and 23 monthly hours were noted for the first four age groups in the table. Significantly smaller values of 18 and 15 monthly hours are seen among those 50 to 59 years of age and those 60 and older, respectively.
The popularity of reading increased in an even more linear manner. In order of age group, 16, 21, 22, 24, 26 and 33 monthly hours were reported in 2009.
However, the opposite trend was seen for socialising, with teens allotting a staggering 58 hours per month to the pastime. Declining figures of 26, 14, 12 and finally 8 monthly hours were seen among the subsequent age groups. A slight increase in popularity to 12 monthly hours was experienced among those 60 and older.
Graph video tutorial:
The graph shows marriage, divorce and remarriage numbers in the United Kingdom between the years 1961 and 1999. There appears to be a somewhat negative relationship between first marriage rates and the rates of divorces and remarriages.
According to the data, there were just shy of 350,000 first marriages in 1961. This value grew in a slightly unstable manner to a peak in 1970 of 400,000 before dropping to 270,000 in 1978. What followed this was a period of very gradual decrease until 250,000 first marriages were hit in 1991. This downward progression accelerated mildly until 1999, when first marriage numbers were roughly 200,000.
Divorce and remarriage numbers, however, moved in the opposite direction. There were roughly 25,000 divorces in the UK in 1961 and over the next decade this number swelled to 125,000. A period of modest, yet unstable, growth then occurred and carried on until about 1984, when a plateau of just over 150,000 was reached. Light variation around this value continued until 1999. Remarriages showed similar growth, accelerating from 50,000 in 1961 to 125,000 in 1971. The remaining period was marked by a relatively stable plateau of roughly 120,000 remarriages per year.
Diagram video tutorial:
The diagram shows the hydro-electric power generating process. According to the image, the process contains both cyclical and linear stages and is highly dependent upon natural rainfall and the force of gravity.
The process begins when the sun’s rays evaporate water. This evaporated moisture forms clouds and is precipitated back to the earth as rain. Some of this rain is collected in a dammed reservoir located at the base of a mountain, which uses the earth’s gravitational pull to enhance the water collection process. The dam is connected to a valve that allows the water to flow downhill and into a turbine, where the kinetic energy of this moving water is converted to electricity. The water is then directed towards a pump and returned to the reservoir for future use.
The electricity produced in the turbine is routed to a transformer station via high voltage cables. The transformer station converts the electricity to a useable energy and transfers this energy to residential and industrial areas through underground cable. Energy consumption marks the final stage of the process.